NUMBER 22 __________________NOVEMBER 1996

Table of Contents











Chinese Central Asia, now largely occupied by the most forbidding desert in the world, was once an area brimming with life as communities thrived on agriculture and the trade of the merchants travelling the silk route. But climate changes and invasions forced the people of these communities to abandon their once fertile lands and the sands covered their homes, the Buddhist shrines and, in time, even the garrison forts of the invaders.

Dunhuang was the town where the northern and southern silk routes rejoined in the east for the final leg of the arduous journey into China's capital. Buddhist monks and devotees hewed scores of cave temples out of a cliff face nearby but the site lay empty and ignored after the eleventh century until a secret sealed-up cave was found crammed with ancient manuscripts and printed documents. Their discovery coincided with a great period of international archaeological research in the area and Sir Aurel Stein was the first on the scene in 1907. Among the thousands of manuscripts he sent back to London was a copy of a famous Buddhist text, the Diamond Sutra, printed on fine yellow paper. Dated 868, several centuries before either printing or the use of paper was known in the West, this is the earliest printed book in the world.

Archaeologists from France, Russia, Germany, Japan and China were also drawn to the region and collections from this one cave and from numerous other lost cities in the desert are now scattered across the world. The largest collections from the cave at Dunhuang are in Beijing, Paris, London and St. Petersburg, but documents and paintings from Turfan, Khotan, and other silk route towns are to be found more widely throughout Europe and Asia. Over the last decade conservators and curators have been working to make the collection safe for future scholars and accessible to a wider public through the development of conservation techniques and the publication of facsimile editions. Some of the Dunhuang manuscripts are being photographed and published in China with the cooperation of the various European holders. Soon the entire collection of non-Buddhist manuscripts and fragments from London, all the manuscripts (Chinese and non-Chinese) from Paris and Beijing, and over 300 scrolls in St. Petersburg will be available in this high quality facsimile form.

But this is just a start. The collections deserve the widest possible access: they are a treasury not only for the Buddhist scholar and the historian of China and Central Asia, but also for those interested in the development of printing, ink and paper technology - scientific analysis of the exquisite pastel pink, blue and yellow dyes is in progress - and anyone who wishes to get a glimpse into religious and secular life in these thriving communities.

Early contracts for sale and hire: of donkeys, bolts of silk, and slaves; poetry: some, like the famous 9th century narrative poem lamenting the sacking of the capital by rebels, previously thought to be lost for ever; illustrated medical texts; census documents; personal letters; children's writing exercises - the whole world is here. Perhaps they were placed with the Buddhist temple for safe-keeping; perhaps collected because paper with writing on it was venerated and could be recycled, even as early as the eleventh century.

More recently the British Library, the Bibliothèque Nationale, and other centres have been turning to computer technology, not only to computerise their catalogues but also to digitise the manuscripts, providing images in many cases clearer than the originals on a computer screen. Exciting new software offers the potential for automatic indexing of the complete text and flexible retrieval, making human-created indexes a thing of the past.

The International Dunhuang Project plans to build on the new spirit of international co-operation and to exploit these computer systems so as to be able to offer access to the legacy of the deserts of Chinese Central Asia on an unprecedented and truly international scale.

The International Dunhuang Project was established following a meeting of conservators from all over the world to promote the study and preservation of the Dunhuang legacy through international cooperation.

The objectives of the International Dunhuang Project are:

The International Dunhuang Project consists of a small steering group and an active membership of all curators and conservators concerned with Dunhuang and similar materials. It has wide links with those involved in computer development in related fields and with scientists. The Project produces an occasional newsletter and holds a bi-annual conference (1993: Sussex, UK; 1995: Paris, France).

If you wish to receive the newsletter or would like more information, please contact: Susan Whitfield, IDP, The British Museum, Oriental and India Office Collections, 197 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8NG, UK [tel.: 44 171 412 7647/7650; fax: 44 171 412 7858; e-mail:].


An American Committee for South Asian Manuscripts (ACSAM) has been founded under the aegis of the American Oriental Society. Its purpose is to locate, catalogue, microfilm, and prepare digital images of all manuscripts in the United States or Canada. Since all Arabic and Persian manuscripts must be investigated to determine whether or not there are grounds for believing that they were copied in South Asia, the planned Union Descriptive Catalogue will include the entire corpus of those manuscripts as well as all the manuscripts in other languages used in South Asia, but the microfilming and digitizing of the manuscripts not actually copies in South Asia will depend on our securing adequate funding.

The plan which we will follow is to advertise extensively for information concerning South Asian manuscripts in institutions and in private collections; to train Graduate Students knowing the relevant languages in the necessary paleographical and cataloguing skills; and to employ them, primarily during their vacations, to do the work of gathering the data for the catalogue, rationalizing the collections, and preparing catalogue entries, all under the supervision and with the help of members of ACSAM. The Graduate Students will be paid for their work. ACSAM will have professional firms do the microfilming and create the digital images from the films. The project will probably take between 15 and 20 years to complete; we now know of about 35,000 manuscripts, and expect to find many more. The Mellon Foundation has expressed initial interest in funding at least part of this project.

At this time we ask the readers of this Newsletter to send us what information they can about any manuscripts in their possession or that they are aware of written in a South Asian language or in Arabic or Persian so that we may begin assembling the data we need to organize the implementation of this project. Please send this information to: ACSAM, Box 1900, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 [e-mail:]. Also, if anyone with expertise in South Asian manuscripts is interested in joining in the work of ACSAM, we would welcome their joining the committee.


Semple Symposium, University of Cincinnati

The Classics Department of the University of Cincinnati and the Cincinnati chapter of AIA are pleased to announce a three-day international conference to be held 18-20 April 1997 at the University of Cincinnati on "The Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millennium." For further information contact Dr. Diane Harris-Cline, Dr. Eric Cline, Conference Coordinators, Classics Department, M.L. 0226, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0226.

Concerning a Conference on the Medieval Caucasus:

"The Caucasus: A Unique Meeting point of Ancient Cultures"

We would like to inform you that the Organization Committee of the Conference entitled "The Caucasus: A Unique Meeting point of Ancient Cultures (From the Early Middle Ages to the Caucasian Wars)", organized by the Central European University (Budapest College), has decided to postpone the conference from its originally intended date, September 1996, to July 7-12, 1997. We were prompted to do so because our conference was partly overlapping with the 35th ICANAS (International Congress of Asian and North African Studies) organized for Summer 1997 by the Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) and the Körösi Csoma Society. Thus, it has seemed reasonable to join the two enterprises in one. This collaboration presents advantages for both parties. We shall be able to organize a larger conference using the ICANAS network in the organization process, and our colleagues coming from the Caucasus will have the opportunity to meet many scholars coming from all over the world, experts in Caucasian and other Oriental studies.

For further information contact: Istvan Perczel, CEU-Medieval Studies, Nador utca 9, H-1051 Budapest, Hungary [fax: 36 1 327 30 55; e-mail].

Society for Indian Philosophy and Religion

The Society for Indian Philosophy and Religion will hold an international conference in Calcutta from 1-4 August 1997. The Conference theme is "Relativism: Science, Religion and Philosophy". For further information contact: Dr. Chandana Chakrabarti, CB 2336, Elon College, Elon College, NC 27244 [tel.: (910) 538-2705; e-mail:].

Dunhuang and Turfan

Symposium of the International Dunhuang Project

This symposium is part of the 35th ICANAS to be held in Budapest in July 1997. The symposium will concentrate on the archaeology of the Silk Road, particularly on the manuscript finds from Dunhuang and Turfan, and recent research and initiatives. For further information contact: Dr. Simone-Christiane Raschmann, Katalogisierung der Orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland Arbeitsstelle Berlin II: Turfan, Unter den Linden 8, D-10117 Berlin, Germany [fax: 49 30 20370 467]; or Dr. Susan Whitfield, The International Dunhuang Project, OIOC, The British Library, 197 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8NG, UK [fax: 44 171 412 7858; e-mail:].

7th International Congress of Mongolists

The Seventh International Congress of Mongolists is tentatively scheduled for 11-15 August 1997 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. A general theme for the forthcoming congress has been formulated: "Topical Problems for Mongolian Studies". For further information contact: Secretariat, International Association for Mongol Studies, Suhbaatar Square 3, Ulaanbaatar 20A, Mongolia [e-mail:].

4th International Conference of the International Society for Shamanic Research

The 4th International Conference of the International Society for Shamanic Research will be held from 1-5 September 1997 in Chantilly, France. The general subject of the conference will be "Shamanism in Religious and Political Perspectives". The main sessions will be held on "Shamanism and world religions" and "Shamanism and ethnicity". For further information contact: Conférence sur le Chamanisme, Comité d'organisation (R. Hamayon), École pratique des hautes études, 5e section, Sorbonne, 45 rue des Écoles, F-75005 Paris, France [tel.: 33 1 40 46 31 37; fax: 33 1 40 46 31 41; e-mail:].


The Middle West Branch of the American Oriental Society and the Midwest Region of the Society of Biblical Literature, together with Middle West members of the American Schools of Oriental Research jointly announce the annual meeting to be held from 16-18 February 1997 at Wheaton College, Wheaton, Illinois. A special session will be included: "The Late Bronze Age in Retrospect: An International Symposium". For further information contact: Richard E. Averbeck, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 2065 Half Day Road, Deerfield, IL 60015 [tel.: 708 317 8017; fax: 708 317 8141; e-mail:]; for further information on the symposium contact: Prof. Mark W. Chavalas, Department of History, University of Wisconsin at La Crosse, La Crosse, WI 54601 [tel: 608 785 8350; fax: 607 785 8486; e-mail:].

The Warring States Working Group

The Warring States Working Group, an inter-university scholarly collaboration organized in 1993 now numbers some 60 corresponding members in Sinological and cognate disciplines. It held its 6th meeting at the University of Massachusetts on 4-5 May 1996. For information on this meeting, the publication of papers, and future meetings contact: Warring States Project 39 Hillside Road University of Massachusetts at Amherst Northampton, MA 01060 [tel.: 413 584 1810; fax: 413 586 1890].

NACAL 25: Call for Papers

The twenty-fifth annual meeting of the North American Conference on Afro-Asiatic Linguistics, March 21-23, 1997 (Abstract deadline 15 January, 1997)

The 1997 meeting of the North American Conference on Afro-Asiatic Linguistics will be held in Miami, Florida, on March 21-23, prior to the annual meeting of the American Oriental Society (March 23-26). NACAL deals with the structure and history of the languages of the Afro-Asiatic (Hamito-Semitic) linguistic group, which encompasses the Berber, Chadic, Cushitic, Egyptian, and Semitic families.

Communications dealing with the linguistic investigation of these languages are solicited. Please send three copies of a one-page abstract to the following address by 15 January, 1997:

David Testen NACAL 25
Department of Linguistics
University of Pennsylvannia
Williams Hall 619
36th and Spruce Street

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA 19104 Abstracts may also be submitted via electronic mail to

Eleventh Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics

Call For Papers

The Arabic Linguistic Society and Emory University announces the Eleventh Annual Symposium on Arabic Linguistics to be held Friday, February 28th and Saturday, March 1, 1997 (with a workshop, Sunday morning, March 2, 1997) in Atlanta, Georgia.

Papers are invited on topics that deal with the application of current linguistic theories and analyses to Arabic. Research in the following areas of Arabic linguistics is encouraged: grammatical analysis (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics), sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, discourse analysis, historical linguistics, etc.

Persons interested in presenting papers are requested to submit a one-page abstract giving the title of the paper, a brief statement of the topic, and a summary clearly stating how the topic will be developed (the reasoning, data, or experimental results to be presented). Authors are requested to be as specific and as explicit as possible in describing their topic.

Abstracts may be submitted by mail or e-mail. If submitted by mail, names are not to appear on the abstract; instead a 3X5 card should be enclosed with the author's name, affiliation, address, phone number, and the title of the paper. If submitted by e-mail, the top lines of the message should contain the author's name, affiliation, address, phone number, the title of the paper and the session to which it is submitted. The body of the abstract should then follow after 4 blank lines. The heading will be omitted before it is sent to the members of the paper selection committee. Twenty minutes will be allowed for each presentation. Selected papers from the symposium will be published.

Deadline for Receipt of Abstracts is November 30, 1996 (note separate deadline for Workshop below).

Abstracts and other inquiries should be addressed to: Dilworth B. Parkinson, 4072 JKHB, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602-6117 [Tel: (801) 378-4684; Fax: (801) 378-5866; e-mail:].

A Workshop for Sunday Morning, March 2, 1997 is also being planned. The workshops are intended to be data-oriented, and will revolve around a set of prepared questions that each participant will address, usually from the point of view of a particular dialect or form. This year's topic will be Question Formation in Fusha and the Dialects. Those interested in participating in the workshop should contact Mushira Eid before November 1, 1996 (Dept. of Languages and Literature, 1400 LNCO, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, Phone: 801-581-7561/5994, Email:, Fax: 801-581-7581).

Twelfth World Congress of Jewish Studies
Jerusalem July 29-August 5, 1997

The Twelfth World Congress of Jewish Studies will take place in Jerusalem, from July 29 through August 5, 1997. The Congress comprises five Divisions:

During the Congress special attention will be paid to several research topics: Jerusalem, the Persecutions of 1096, the Cairo Genizah (one hundred years after its discovery), and the First Zionist Congress (marking one hundred years to its gathering).

Scholars wishing to lecture in one of the divisions of the Congress are invited to submit two titles, accompanied by a descriptive outline of one-half page for each proposal. Time allowed for each presentation is 20 minutes, with an additional 10 minutes devoted to discussion. Each panel will include four lectures. Those interested in suggesting subjects for a session of four lectures are requested to include the names of lecturers willing to participate in this panel and suggested lecture titles (along with the appropriate descriptions).

Proposals are due on December 1, 1996 and should be submitted to the General Secretary of the Congress.

Proposals will be discussed by the various Division Committees. The General Secretary will inform you about the decision of the Committee. As in the past, the Committees will be open to all proposals; however, special preference will be given to lectures containing innovations which will be of interest to the scholarly community. The Committees are not obligated to accept every proposal submitted.

World Union of Jewish of Studies, 46 Jabotinsky St. POB 91043, Jerusalem Israel [E-mail:].


German-American Academic Council Foundation

The Stiftung Deutsch-Amerikanisches Akademisches Konzil/German-American Academic Council Foundation has announced its TransCoop Program 1997/1 for Transatlantic research cooperation among German, U.S., and/or Canadian scholars in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The deadline for application is 15 December 1996. For further information, applications, future programs, contact: German-American Academic Council Foundation, 1055 Thomas Jefferson St., NW, Suite 2020, Washington, DC 20007 [tel.: 202 296 2991; fax: 202 833 8514].

Woodrow Wilson Fellowships

The deadline for Woodrow Wilson Fellowships in the Humanities and Social Sciences 1997-1998 was 1 October 1996. For future fellowships contact: The Fellowships Office, The Woodrow Wilson Center, 1000 Jefferson Drive SW, SI MRC 022, Washington, DC 20560 [tel: 202 357 2841; fax: 202 357 4439; e-mail:; WWW:].

Woodrow Wilson Fellows for 1996-97 with projects of interest to AOS members include:

National Humanities Center Fellowships

The deadline for National Humanities Center Fellowships 1997-1998 was 15 October 1996. For information on future fellowships contact: National Humanities Center, 7 Alexander Drive, PO Box 12256, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 [tel.: 919 549 0661].

1996-1997 Fellows and Associates with topics that may interest AOS members are:

National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)

The NEH has announced that its 30th Annual Report is now available; it contains brief descriptions of Endowment programs as well as a complete listing of all Endowment grants. You may download the report by visiting the NEH website: or a free hard copy (while they last) may be obtained by writing: NEH 1995 Annual Report, Room 402, 1100 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20506 [or by request on e-mail].

American Research Center in Egypt

The American Research Center in Egypt has announced its Fellowships in Egypt 1997-1998 with an application deadline of 1 November 1996. For further information and future fellowship competitions contact: The American Research Center in Egypt, 30 East 20th Street, Suite 401, New York, NY 10003-1310 [tel.: 212 529 6661; fax: 212 529 6856; e-mail].

The American Institute for Yemeni Studies

The American Institute for Yemeni Studies Fellowships for Research and Study in Yemen, 1996-97 has been announced with an application deadline of 1 November 1996. For further information and future competitions contact: The American Institute for Yemeni Studies, PO Box 311, Ardmore, PA 19003-0311 [tel.: 610 896 5412; fax: 610 896 9049; e-mail:].

Center for Arabic Study Abroad (CASA)

CASA has announced the following two programs: (1) College-Level Summer and Full-Year Programs 1997-1998 and (2) 1997 Refresher Course for Professors of Humanities and Social Sciences. The application deadline for both programs is 31 December 1996. For further information contact: Center for Arabic Study Abroad, The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, 1619 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20036-1983 [tel.: 202 663 5751; fax: 202 663 5764].

American Center for Oriental Research, Amman, Jordan

The American Center for Oriental Research, Amman, Jordan has announced the following fellowships: Samuel H. Kress Foundation Research Fellowship 1997-98 (application deadline: 1 February 1997); USIA Fellowships 1997-98 (application deadline: 1 February 1997); Near and Middle East Research & Training Program, Pre-Doctoral Fellowships 1997-98 (application deadline: 1 February 1997); Jennifer C. Groot Fellowships in the Archaeology of Jordan 1997-98 (application deadline 1 February 1997); Senior Post-Doctoral Research Grants 1997-98 (application deadline 1 February 1997); National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships (application deadline 1 February 1997). For further information or applications for any of these grants or fellowships contact: ACOR, 656 Beacon Street, 5th Floor, Boston, MA 02215 [tel.: 617 353 6571; fax: 617 353 6575; e-mail:].

American Council for Learned Societies (ACLS): US-China Scholarly Exchange; Conferences on China

The ACLS now administers the National Program for Advanced Study and Research in China and the Chinese Fellowships for Scholarly Development. These programs were formerly administered at the Washington office of the Committee on Scholarly Communication with China (CSCC), which has been closed. The following competitions will be held for the 1997-98 academic year: National Program for Advanced Study and Research in China (deadline was 15 October 1996); Chinese Fellowships for Scholarly Development (deadline was 1 November 1996).

For further information regarding future competitions contact: Office of Fellowships and Grants, ACLS, 228 East 45th Street, New York, NY 10017-3398 [fax: 212 949 8058 attn. Fellowship Office; e-mail:; WWW:].

Support for Conferences on China: The ACLS will offer funds in support of collaborative projects intended to promote the development of scholarship on China in any discipline of the humanities or social sciences. Funding for this program is provided by the Henry Luce Foundation. The program does not support regularly scheduled meetings or conferences. Grants are available to support Research Conferences and Workshops as well as Planning Meetings to organize such conferences or workshops. The application deadline in 31 January 1997. For further information contact: China Conference Grants, ACLS, 228 East 45th Street, New York, NY 10017-3398 [fax: 212 949 8058 attn. China Conference Grants; e-mail:].

American Research Institute in Turkey (ARIT)

ARIT has announced the following fellowship competitions: NEH/ARIT Post-Doctoral Fellowships for Research in Turkey, 1997-98 (application deadline 15 November 1996); ARIT Fellowships for Research in Turkey, 1997-98 (application deadline 15 November 1996); Kress/ARIT Fellowship for Research in Archaeology and Art History (application deadline 15 November 1996); Mellon Fellowships for Research in Turkey by East European Scholars (application deadline 5 March 1997).

For further information on any of these fellowships and/or future competitions contact: American Research Institute in Turkey, University of Pennsylvania Museum, 3rd and Spruce Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6324 [tel.: 202 898 3474; fax: 215 898 0657; e-mail:].

Persian Heritage Foundation

The Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University, with support from the Persian Heritage Foundation, provides aid for publication to authors and translators for:
1. Scholarly works in English dealing with Iranian humanities when they qualify as original research or synthesis of a high standard;
2. Translations into English of works of merit from Persian or other Iranian languages which conform to the required standards of accuracy and readability;
3. Critical editions of texts in Iranian languages.

For further information on these awards, contact: Committee on Awards, Center for Iranian Studies, 450 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10027.

The American Numismatic Society Graduate Seminar

The Forty-fifth Graduate Seminar in Numismatics will be held at the Museum of the American Numismatic Society from June 17 through August 16, 1996. The purpose of the Seminar is to familiarize students with numismatic methodology and scholarship and to provide them with a deeper under- standing of the contributions made by numismatics to other fields of study.

The seminar is an intensive program of study including lectures and conferences conducted by specialists in various fields, preparation and oral delivery of a paper on a topic of the student's choice, and actual contact with the coinages related to that topic. Curators of the American Numismatic Society and experts from this country and abroad will participate in the seminar.

Applications are accepted from students of demonstrated competence who will have completed at least one year of graduate work in classical studies, history, art history, economic history, or related disciplines. Applications are also accepted from junior faculty members with an advanced degree in one of these fields.

Stipends of $2,000 are available to qualified applicants who are citizens or permanent residents of the United States or who are affiliated with colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. The Society will endeavor to provide round-trip travel fare from each student's home institution.

Applications are also accepted from outstanding students from foreign institutions, who have completed the equivalent of one year's graduate work, who are affiliated with a museum or institution of higher learning, and who are able to demonstrate fluency in English. No financial aid is offered.

Information and application forms may be obtained from the Society, Broadway at 155th Street, New York, NY 10032. Applications must be completed by March 1, 1997, and announcement of the awards will be made by April 1.

Duke Study in China Program

Duke University, in association with Smith College, Washington University, St. Louis and Wesleyan University, offers an annual program of study at Capital Normal University (in Beijing) and Nanjing University in the People's Republic of China. The program combines an eight-week summer course of intensive Chinese language study in Beijing with a fall semester of courses in language, history/anthropology, and directed study on a topic of the student's choice, at Nanjing University. The program is supervised by a Resident Director from the Dulce faculty. who also teaches a course and supervises the directed study projects. Duke University grants academic credit for six semester-courses (the equivalent of one summer term and one semester) upon successful completion of the program. Interested undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in colleges and universities who will have taken at least one year of college-level Chinese or its equivalent by the commencement of the program are encouraged to apply.

During its sixteen years of operation, participation has come from students at many colleges and universities including: American, Amherst, University of Arizona, Barnard, Brandeis, Carleton College, Claremont McKenna, Colby, Colgate, Columbia, Cornell, Duke, George Washington, Hobart, Johns Hopkins, McGill, M. I. T., Mount Holyoke, Southwestern at Memphis, Smith, Stanford, Tufts, U.N.C. - Chapel Hill, UC - Berkeley, U. of Virginia, U. of Tennessee, U. of Washington, Wellesley, Vanderbilt, Washington, Wesleyan, William and Mary, Wittenberg, and Yale. Inquiries concerning the summer-fall 1997 program should be sent to the following address:

Duke Study in China Program, Asian/Pacific Studies Institute, Duke University, 2111 Campus Drive, Box 90411, Durham, NC 2770-0411 [Tel: (919) 6842604; Fax: (919) 681-6247].

Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Morocco
Arabic Language and Culture Program: Modern Standard Arabic for Non-native Speakers
Summer 1997 June 8 - July 25

Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane (AUI) offers an intensive Arabic language and culture summer program for non-native speakers to be held from June 8 to July 25, 1997.

Language Component

Cultural Component

The program also offers the following language and culture courses: AFL 1110/1010: Elementary Moroccan Arabic and Moroccan Culture. (1 or no credit; 1 hr. a day, Monday through Thursday; 28 contact hours total): a course on the basics of Moroccan Arabic and on Moroccan culture in general, including at least 2 three-day homestays with families. AFL 1111/1011: Colloquia in Arab and Islamic Culture. (1 or no credit): a series of weekly lectures in Arabic and English on topics in Arab and Islamic civilization and culture.

Registration Requirements

Students who take 6 credits of language instruction are eligible to take one or both cultural component courses for no credit and at no additional charge. Those who register for less than 6 credits of language instruction may take one or both culture component courses for credit and pay for the additional credit unit(s).

Transfer Credits

Credits are transferable, upon satisfactory completion of the courses, to the student's home institution.

Out-of-class Activities

These will include: a. film and documentary shows and various musical and entertainment events, b. day trips to the imperial cities of Fes, Meknes, and Volubilis and to the souks (weekly markets) of Azrou and neighboring towns, c. outdoor sports activities.



Application forms may be obtained from: Office of the Dean, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Al Akhawayn University, Avenue Hassan II, P.O. Box 104, Ifrane. 53000, Morocco. Phone: (212 5) 862427. Fax: (212 5) 56 71 40. E-mail: Application deadline: March 1, 1997, but early applications are encouraged.

Washington University/Arab Language Institute in Fez

Washington University, St. Louis, and the Arab Language Institute in Fez, Morocco announce the Advanced Intensive Arabic Language and Islamic Studies Spring Semester Abroad in Fez, Morocco, January 6-June 5, 1997.

Students must have completed three years of university Arabic study or its equivalent and be citizens of the United States. Students must pass an Arabic Language exam. Housing options include homestays with a Moroccan family. Full travel and fellowship support available covering basic living expenses, travel and health insurance.

Application Deadline: November 1, 1996.

For further information contact: Professor Peter Heath, The Center for the Study of Islamic Societies and Civilizations, Washington University, Campus Box 1230, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899 [Tel: 314-935-4325; Fax: 314-935-7462; e-mail:]

ACLS/SSRC International Postdoctoral Fellowships 1996-1997 Competition

This competition will provide approximately 15 postdoctoral fellowships of $20,000 each to support scholars doing humanistic research on the societies and cultures of Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa. The fundamental criteria for selection of awards will be the intellectual value of the proposed research and the likelihood that the research will produce significant and innovative scholarship on foreign societies, scholarship which makes important theoretical or substantive contributions to particular disciplines, or to multidisciplinary or comparative research. This competition is supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

These fellowships are intended as salary replacement, although travel funds may also be requested, to help scholars devote six to twelve continuous months to full-time research and writing. Tenure of the grant may begin no earlier than July 1, 1997 and no later than February 1, 1998.

US citizens, permanent residents, and others who have resided in the US for at least three consecutive years at the time of application are eligible to apply. All applicants must have the Ph.D. or its equivalent by the application deadline.

Interested scholars should apply to the ACLS. Completed application forms must be postmarked not later than December 1, 1996. To request an application form, please send the following information: (1) Highest academic degree held and date received; (2) Academic or other position; (3) Geographical area(s) of research; (4) A brief, descriptive title of the proposed research; (5) Country of citizenship or permanent residence; (6) Proposed date for beginning tenure of the award and duration requested; (7) Specific award program for which application is requested; (8) Full name and mailing address. You may send that information by any one of the following means: 1. writing: Office of Fellowships and Grants, ACLS, 228 East 45th, Street, New York, New York 10017-3398; 2. fax: (212) 949-8058; 3. e-mail:

Note: Application forms will be sent only by U.S. Postal Service first-class mail, or air mail to addresses abroad. Application forms will not be sent or accepted by fax or other electronic means.

Social Science Research Council
Research and training on the Near and Middle East

The following is a list of fellowships and grants for research and training on the Near and Middle east available from the Social Science Research Council. The contact at SSRC is Jennifer Henderson (, Telephone: 212 377-2700. The address is the following: The Near and Middle East Program, Social Science Research Council, 810 Seventh Avenue, 31st Floor, New York, NY 10019.

Fellowships for Graduate Students

1. Pre-Dissertation Research and Training Fellowships are offered to graduate students to spend from 4 to 9 months engaged in direct preparation for their dissertation research through training and study in the Middle East. Language training may be required as one component of the fellowship where appropriate. This is for grad students who are US citizens, are enrolled in a PhD program, have completed at least 2 academic years in the program, and are not candidates. The deadline for application receipt is 1 November 1996.

2. Dissertation Research Fellowship in the Social Sciences and the Humanities Fellowships are offered to grad students in the social sciences and humanities, who have completed all PhD requirements except their dissertation, to spend 4 to 9 months engaged in dissertation research requiring fieldwork in the Middle East. Applicants must be US citizens, enrolled in full-time PhD programs, and will have completed all PhD requirements except their dissertation by 1 March 1997 in order to apply. The application receipt deadline is 1 November 1996.

Fellowships for Scholars

Advanced Research Fellowships in the Social Sciences and Humanities Fellowships are offered form periods from 4 to 9 months to scholars in the social sciences and humanities engaged in advanced research requiring fieldwork in the Middle East. Applicants should be scholars with demonstrated competence for research on the area and who intend to make continuing contributions to the field. Scholars who are US citizens and who hold a PhD in the social sciences or humanities are eligible. The application receipt deadline is 1 December 1996.

Current eligible locales for overseas research are Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Those interested in countries not listed should contact SSRC staff.

All research projects must be concerned with the period since the beginning of Islam.


Turkic Languages

The publishing house Harrassowitz (Wiesbaden) announces a new scientific journal to be published from 1997 on Turkic Languages, edited by Lars Johanson.The journal Turkic Languages aims at presenting work of current interest on a variety of subjects and thus welcomes contributions on all aspects of Turkic language studies. Turkic Languages will contain articles, review articles, reviews, discussions, reports, and surveys of publications. Turkic Languages will be published in one volume of two issues per year with approximately 300 pages. It will be devoted to descriptive, comparative, synchronic, diachronic, theoretical and methodological problems of linguistic Turcology including questions of genetic, typological and areal relations, linguistic variation and language acquisition. The journal will use a referee system in selecting articles for publication. The preferred language of publication will be English.

Contributions to the first volume should be submitted as soon as possible. A style sheet is available and will be sent on request. Manuscripts for publication, books for review, and correspondence concerning editorial matters should be sent to: Prof. Dr. Lars Johanson, Turkic Languages, Institute of Oriental Studies, University of Mainz, D-55099 Mainz, Germany [fax: 49 6131 368662; e-mail:].

Subscription orders may be placed with booksellers and agencies. For further information, contact: Harrassowitz Verlag, Postfach 292, D-65019 Wiesbaden, Germany [fax: 49 611 530570; WWW:].

New Serial in Islamic Studies

A new serial is underway in Islamic studies covering the period A.D. 1500 to 1800 and concerned primarily with the five post-Caliphal, post-Mongol states: the Ottomans, the Mamluks,the Safavids, the Uzbeks, and the Mughals. The serial will be in the form of an annual, each issue containing a number of articles related to a particular topic. Each volume will have a specific title, based on the general content of the articles. The publisher will be the University of Utah Press. For further information contact: Michel Mazzaoui, Department of History, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 or the University of Utah Press, 101 University Services Building, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 [tel.: 801 581 6771; fax: 801 581 3365].


American Oriental Society Greenfield Prize

The American Oriental Society is pleased to announce the establishment of a new prize to honor the memory of the eminent Semitist and long-term AOS member, Jonas C. Greenfield. The "Greenfield Prize" carries a cash award of $1000 and will be granted biannually to a scholar under 40 at the time of sub-mission, for the best published article in any area of Semitic studies that has appeared during the 2 year period of review. The selection will be made by recommendation of an AOS committee and the announcement of the first award will be made in October 1997. Scholars are invited to submit offprints of their articles and a Curriculum Vitae to the American Oriental Society, Harlan Hatcher Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1205. Please clearly mark the envelope "Greenfield Prize." Deadline for submission for the first award is May 15, 1997. Further information may be obtained by sending e-mail to the AOS Office in Ann Arbor: Please include in the subject line: Greenfield Prize.

Modern Language Association (MLA) Book Prizes

For a list of MLA Book Prizes 1996-97 or for information on individual prizes and eligibility contact: Office of Special Projects, MLA, 10 Astor Place, New York, NY 10003-6981 [tel.: 212 614 6406; fax: 212 533 0680 or 212 477 9863; e-mail:].

Society of Architectural Historians

The Society of Architectural Historians has announced for the 47th Annual Alice Davis Hitchcock Book Award, the Fourth Annual Spiro Kostof Book Award for Architecture and Urbanism, the 8th Annual Architectural Exhibition Catalogue Award, and the Antoinette Forrester Downing Award. For further information on these awards contact Society of Architectural Historians, 1365 North Astor Street, Chicago, IL 60610-2144 [tel.: 312 753 1365].


Columbia University Awards Franz Rosenthal the Doctor of Letters, honoris causa

On May 15, 1996, at its commencement, Columbia University awarded Franz Rosenthal the Doctor of Letters, honoris causa, for a lifetime of work in Arabic and Islamic studies. The degree was presented by George Rupp, President of the University, and the citation read as follows: "Inspiring teacher and author, preeminent scholar of Islamic intellectual and social history, your astonishing erudition and penetrating vision have illuminated the study of Islamic civilization for more than half a century. In a time of enormous need for greater cultural knowledge, you have inspired generations of students to assume leadership in Islamic and Semitic studies. Your participation in the Tabari Translation Project at Columbia has assured success for this monumental undertaking. For your extraordinary contributions, Columbia is very pleased to bestow upon you the degree of Doctor of Letters, honoris causa."


University of Michigan
Korean Studies

The University of Michigan, through its International Institute, and with the participation of departments in the College of Literature, Science & the Arts, seeks applicants and nominations for a Chair in Korean Studies. This chair is tenure track with rank open, and may be located in the departments of Anthropology, Art History, Asian Languages and Culture, Comparative Literature, History, and Sociology. Applicants are expected to demonstrate and to show promise for outstanding research and teaching, and to have an apptitude for leadership in Korean studies. Preference will be given to applicants with broad interests and who are able to speak across the disciplines. Teaching responsibilities will be negotiated with the appointee. Depending on the experience and rank of the person appointed, the holder may be asked to assume leadership responsibilities in the Korean Studies Program. Applicants must hold the Ph.D. degree in an appropriate discipline. Materials received before January 31, 1997 will receive first consideration, but applications will be reviewed until the position is filled.

Send application materials, including three references, or nominations to: Korean Studies Chair Search Committee, The International Institute, The University of Michigan, 340 Lorch Hall, 611 Tappan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1220, USA.

The University of Michigan is an affirmative action, equal opportunity employer.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Staff Associate -- Experienced editor for learned articles in English. Familiarity with either French or German, preferably both, as well as familiarity with a Middle Eastern language (Persian or Arabic) will be a plus. Computer competency (Macintosh system) is required; experience in desktop publishing is a plus. Must provide sample editing. Salary is commensurate with experience and qualifications. Application review starts August 1, 1996 and will continue until position is filled.

Associate Research Scholar (Assistant Editor) -- Ph.D. or equivalent in a field of Iranian studies, proficiency in Persian and a knowledge of Persian history, literature & bibliography. Native or near-native fluency in written and spoken English. Familiarity with Arabic. Editorial experience and utmost accuracy in proofreading is required and samples in both respects will be needed. A knowledge of Old or Middle Iranian languages and/or French or German will be a plus. Publications to support proficiency in the above requirements would be helpful. Computer competency (Macintosh system). Academic references within field will be required. Salary is commensurate with experience and qualifications. Application review starts August 1, 1996 and will continue until position is filled.

Senior Research Scholar (Sr. Assistant Editor) -- Ph.D. or equivalent in a field of Iranian studies. A solid background in Persian history and culture, a thorough knowledge of Persian language or Middle or Old Iranian languages. A good knowledge of at least two research languages from among German, French, Russian. Publications to support above requirements and to demonstrate scholarship at professional rank. Editorial skills (in English) as evidenced by sample editing. Computer competency (Macintosh system). He/she would be required to deal with all editorial aspects of the Encyclopædia Iranica and report to the editor. Salary is commensurate with experience and qualifications. Application review starts August 1, 1996 and will continue until position is filled.

All responses should be mailed to Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University, attn.: Director, 450 Riverside Drive, no. 4, New York, NY 10027.

The American University in Cairo

Arabic Literature -- two definite openings for Arabists specializing in classical Arabic literature: 1) Teach courses in Islamic institutions, Muslim historical literature and classical Arabic texts, and seminar in Islamic studies. Teaching advanced Arabic through set texts may also be required. 2) Teach courses in pre-Islamic and early Islamic literature, Arabic grammar, syntax, and prosody, seminar in classical Arabic literature and history of Arabic literary criticism. Both positions also require teaching survey courses both in Arabic and in translation. For both, participation in core curriculum seminar may also be required. There are also two definite openings for Arabists specializing in modern Arabic literature: 1) Teach courses in nineteenth century poetry and prose, modern Arabic poetry and the novel, linguistics or Arabic, modern Arabic literary criticism, and seminar and special studies in modern Arabic literature. 2) Teach courses such as selected topics in modern Arabic literature (prose, poetry, drama), Arabic prose writing and colloquial Arabic poetry and prose. Both positions require teaching survey courses in both Arabic and in translation. For both, participation in core curriculum interdisciplinary seminar may also be required. Qualifications required for all literature positions are B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. in appropriate field, teaching proficiency in both Arabic and English, familiarity with Arabic primary sources, and university teaching and research experience.

Arabic/Islamic History -- One definite opening for a historian in Arab/Islamic history from the rise of Islam to the 19th century and with a specialization outside Egypt to teach undergraduate and graduate courses in Middle East history and a required survey of Arab history. Teaching assignment also includes participation in a general interdisciplinary seminar for undergraduates. M.A. and Ph.D. in appropriate fields required. Excellent command of English and Arabic expected.

Anthropology -- Applications are invited for two positions for anthropologists with the ability to teach cultural anthropology in the framework of a liberal arts curriculum. One position requires ability to teach the anthropology of the Arab world and Middle East. Additional specialities for either position may include sociolinguistics, psychological anthropology, medical anthropology, theory and method, and areas outside the Arab world, especially Asian societies and cultures.

Sociology -- There are two openings for sociologists. 1) to teach introduction to sociology in the framework of a liberal arts curriculum, as well as theory and methods. Other specialties open, ability to teach courses on Arab society and culture a plus; and 2) to teach theory and methods, and also in the core curriculum. Familiarity with Arab culture and societies, and specialization in development, minorities, gender or medical sociology will be a plus.

Normal teaching load is 9 hours per semester. All are two-year appointments (renewable) beginning September 1997. Rank, salary according to qualifications and experience. For expatriates, housing, round-trip air travel to Egypt, plus schooling for up to two children included. Write with curriculum vitae to: Dr. Andrew Kerek, The American University in Cairo, 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite AO-517, New York, NY 10017, before November 30, 1996. AUC is an equal opportunity employer.

Bar-Ilan University

Lecturer in Islamic Studies


a. Research in and teaching of Islamic and Arabic texts. Special field of research in either of the following subjects: Qur'an exegesis, tradition, law, theology and philosophy, relations between Islam and Judaism.

b. Knowledge of Hebrew.

Lecturer in Modern Arabic Literature


a. Research in and teaching of modern Arabic literature. Special field of research in either of the following subjects: poetry, prose (short stories, novels), history of literature.

b. Knowledge of Hebrew.

Bar-Ilan is a Jewish religious institution.

Rank will be determined according to qualifications. Last date for submitting applications: 31 December 1996.

Send C.V., list of publications, three letters of recommendation and samples of publications in the area of specialization to Professor Binyamin Abrahamov, Head of the Department of Arabic, Bar-Ilan University, 52900 Ramat-Gan, Israel.

The Ohio State University
Department Chair

The Department of Near Eastern, Judaic, and Hellenic Languages and Literatures (which is in the process of being renamed) at The Ohio State University announces a search for a department chair. The Department intends to make a senior appointment at a competitive salary to an established scholar who can provide energetic leadership to an expanding program. Faculty of the Department teach Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Turkish, and ancient Near Eastern languages and cultures, and their research interests cover a wide range of disciplines. Applicants, therefore, should possess a broad understanding of the diversity of the cultures of the Near East. The language and disciplinary specializations are open, but fluency in at least two Near Eastern languages and a strong interdisciplinary or comparative interest are desirable. The duties of the new chair will include development of a comprehensive graduate program.

Application letter, curriculum vitae, and three letters of reference should be submitted by January 2, 1997 to:

Department Chair Search Committee
Dept of Near Eastern, Judaic, and Hellenic Languages and Literatures
203 Botany and Zoology Building
1735 Neil Avenue
Columbus, OH 43210-1293

The Ohio State University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer. Women, minorities, Vietnam-era veterans, disabled veterans, and individuals with disabilities are encouraged to apply.

Ohio State University
Assistant or Associate Professor

The Department of Near Eastern, Judaic, and Hellenic Languages and Literatures (which is in the process of being renamed) of The Ohio State University is seeking applications for a tenure-track position in Modern Hebrew literature at the rank of Assistant or Associate Professor, to begin September 1997. Teaching competence and evidence of high scholarly potential must be demonstrated. The candidate must be able to teach courses in Modern Hebrew literature. Ability to teach courses in other periods of Hebrew literature as well as Hebrew language and Culture of Contemporary Israel is desirable. Salary range is competitive and commensurate with rank, experience, and academic record. Ph.D. is required for appointment.

Application letter, curriculum vitae, and three letters of reference should be submitted to: Hebrew Search Committee Chair, Dept. of Near Eastern, Judaic, and Hellenic, Languages and Literatures, The Ohio State University, 203 Botany and Zoology Building, 1735 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210-1293

Review of applications will begin on December 13, 1996 and continue until the position is filled. The Ohio State University is an Equal Opportunity Affirmative Action employer. Women, minorities, Vietnam-era veterans, disabled veterans and individuals with disabilities are encouraged to apply.

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Classics/Judaic Studies/Religious Studies

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln seeks a specialist in Biblical, Second Temple/Hellenistic, or Rabbinic Judaism. Appointee will chair a six-member Department of Classics, and participate in interdisciplinary programs in Judaic Studies and Religious Studies. Preference is for an established scholar possessing close familiarity with the basic religious texts of Judaism, and competence in Hebrew and affiliated biblical/post-biblical languages. Knowledge of Greek or Latin language and literature also desirable. Teaching responsibilities might include Introduction to Religion, courses in Judaism, and biblical Hebrew. Appointment will be made at Associate or Full Professor rank.

Send letter of interest, CV, and names and addresses of five references to Professor John D. Turner, Search Committee, Department of Classics, 238 Andrews Hall, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, 68588-0337. Nominations also encouraged. Review of applications and nominations will begin October 15th and will continue until the position is filled. Preliminary interviews for applicants will be conducted as possible at the annual meetings of the AAR/SBL, AJS, and Amer. Philological Association. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln is committed to a pluralistic campus community through Affirmative Action and Equal Opportunity and is responsive to the needs of dual career couples. We assure reasonable accommodation under the Americans with Disabilities Act; contact John D. Turner at (402) 472-7008,,for assistance.

For further information about the Judaic Studies program at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, please phone the Director, Prof. Alan E. Steinweis, at (402) 472-9561, or send e-mail to

Wayne State University
Tenure-track Assistant/associate Professor of Arabic Language

The Department of Near Eastern & Asian Studies invites applications for a tenure-track position in Arabic, starting Fall 1997. Ph.D. required. Applicants must be able to handle proficiency-based and content-based teaching of Modern Standard Arabic at the basic and intermediate levels, as well as Formal Spoken Arabic. Knowledge of computerized instruction, and the use of interactive computer program is most desired.

The successful applicant must also be able to conduct upper--level courses in Arabic. Areas of specialization preferred: applied linguistics, second language acquisition, foreign language pedagogy, and Arabic culture. Must be able to work well with undergraduates.

Send letter of applications, curriculum vitae, and the names and addresses of three references by December 1, 1996 to: Aleya Rouchdy, Chair, Department of Near Eastern & Asian Studies, College of Liberal Arts, 437 Manoogian Hall, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, (313) 577-3015; Fax (313) 577-3266.

Wayne State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer. Women and minorities are especially invited to apply.

University of Massachusetts at Amherst

University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Department of Judaic and Near Eastern Studies, seeks Assistant or Associate Professor of Arabic for tenure-track position beginning September 1, 1997. Applicants must have a Ph.D. in Arabic or related discipline, extensive experience teaching language, and demonstrated qualifications in Arabic language pedagogy. Primary responsibilities are teaching Arabic at all levels and coordinating Five College Arabic program. Send applications including vitae, three letters of recommendation, and sample publications to Arabic Search Committee, Department of Judaic and Near Eastern Studies, Herter Hall, Box 33935, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003-3935 by December 1, 1996.

University of Michigan

The Department of Near Eastern Studies of the University of Michigan announces a tenure-track appointment in Egyptology. The position is authorized at the Assistant Professor level, but senior candidates may be considered. Applicants must hold the PhD degree and be able to teach undergraduate and graduate courses in Ancient Egyptian language (Middle Egyptian and other phases) and culture. The applicant will also be expected to demonstrate expertise in teaching/research of one or more of the following topics: archaeology, art, literature, history, religion. Applicants should identify their research interests within Egyptological studies and describe the language and lecture courses they wish to teach at both undergraduate and graduate levels.

Applicants should send a curriculum vitae, including bibliography, as well as no more than three samples of their published work, along with three letters of reference to Chair, Egyptology Search Committee, Department of Near Eastern Studies, 3074 Frieze Bldg., University of Michigan, An Arbor, MI 48109. WWW:]. We shall begin examining dossiers on Jan. 15, 1997. The University of Michigan is an affirmative action, equal opportunity employer.


All items for the Newsletter of the American Oriental Society should be sent to:

Ruth I. Meserve, Editor
Newsletter of the American Oriental Society
Department of Central Eurasian Studies
Goodbody Hall 157
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN 47405

All materials for the next Newsletter (Number 23, May 1997) must be sent to the Editor no later than 15 April 1997.

The Newsletter of the American Oriental Society is published two times a year in May and November by the American Oriental Society, Hatcher Graduate Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, and is available only through membership in the AOS. Membership dues are $50 per calendar year, payable in advance by December 31 of the preceding year. Special membership dues for students, professors emeriti, and members of the armed forces on duty are $25 per calendar year. Joint memberships (equivalent of enrolling two corporate memberships but carrying only one subscription to the Journal) are available to members and their partners upon payment of $60 per calendar year. Bulk rate postage is paid at Ann Arbor. Postmaster: Send address changes to: Newsletter of the American Oriental Society, Hatcher Graduate Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109--1205.

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