Nancy Seaman was abused by her husband throughout their marriage. In 2004, she was in the process of divorce when he chased her through the house and tackled her in the garage. She reached for an ax and swung it, killing him. At trial, the expert witness, Lenore Walker, was shocked that Michigan law was so restrictive of expert testimony on domestic violence. Thus, jurors failed to understand the issues involved, essentially blaming Nancy Seaman for her own abuse. One stated: “She was not a meek, howling woman waiting for the next beating.” Judge MacDonald recognized his own, and the jury’s, failure to consider the fact that there was sufficient evidence of abuse, and later changed the conviction to second degree. However, the prosecutor appealed and the first degree conviction was reinstated.