"[the soldier was] half-beaten before
he came to the scratch."
Powder Horn, Cartridge Box, Bullet Mold, Canteen c. 1776-1783
By the end of the 18th Century, as overseas military operations
become more complex, packs become heavier and more compact. All of these
accoutrements are standard equipment for British infantrymen during the
American Revolution. Powder horns, often engraved with words or pictures,
load gunpowder through the muzzle of your musket.
Misc. Equipment, photograph by Henry Bedlivy, 1967
Powder Horns, photograph by Henry Bedlivy, 1967
It is critical, however, that cartridges be kept safe and dry, and soldiers who use cartridges must carry heavy cartridge boxes. These boxes, combined with cartridges, balls, bullet mold, bayonet, flints, and cleaning materials add up to twelve pounds hanging off the soldier's waist-not to mention the sixteen-pound musket on his shoulder. (Frey, 102)
In addition, soldiers in the field carry a full wooden canteen (pictured,) and a kit on his back, holding a great-coat, a blanket roll, a camp kettle, leather tools (for shoe repair,) a hatchet, and a three-day supply of beef and ship biscuit. Along with a sixteen-pound "Brown Bess" musket, a soldiers individual supplies alone North America may weigh up to sixty pounds. (Frey, 102-103)
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