The Spix's Macaw
Conservation Coordinator, Houston Zoo Conservation and Research Office,
Houston Zoological Gardens, 1513 North MacGregor, Houston, Texas 77030; phone/Fax:
The Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii) is one of the world's most
endangered species with one remaining in the wild and a captive population of only 60
birds. These population numbers, although still critically endangered, actually signify
progress in the last 10 years of conservation efforts to recover this species. The
program, coordinated by the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Natural Renewable
Resources (IBAMA), is becoming a model for international public and private sector
partnership and includes the participation of government officials, ornithologists, zoo
specialists and the holders of the birds in captivity. This article briefly describes
species' status and recovery efforts, which include field research, community-based
outreach, habitat restoration, captive-breeding and reintroduction.
Spix's Macaw in captivity
Photographer Natasha Schischakin
Spix's Macaw numbers from 1989 to 1999. Data from Schischakin, N. 1999. The
Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii) Studbook and Population Management Plan
the IBAMA Permanent Committee for the Recovery of the Spix's Macaw. Houston
Zoological Gardens, Houston.
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