U.S. Endangered Species Management: the Influence
John R. Stinchcombe
Biology Department, Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology Group, Duke
University, Box 90338,
Durham, NC 27708; email@example.com
The influence of politics on the practice of conservation science and
endangered species manage-ment is widely accepted, but usually reported
in case studies. This approach, while helpful, prevents a comprehensive
assessment of the role of politics in endangered species management. In
an attempt to asses the influence of politics on the management of U.S.
endangered species, this article compares the number of endangered species
listings and recovery plan approvals during the last three presidential
administrations. Results indicate that the Clinton administra-tion appears
to have approved significantly more endangered species listings and multispecies
recovery plans that did Presidents Reagan and Bush. Once differences in
U.S. Fish and Wildlife employee numbers are accounted for, however, these
differences disappear. These results suggest that politics does influence
endangered species management, and that this influence is manifested by
different commitments of human and financial resources.
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