See Decision tree on p. 442 of the textbook
 

Noticing a Potential Emergency

* Darley & Batson (1973)
    - Good Samaritan Experiment

* Urban-Overload Hypothesis

* Relevant to Kitty Genovese case?
 

Interpreting Event as an Emergency

* Pluralistic Ignorance

* Latane & Darley (1970)
    - Smoke experiment

* Relevant to Kitty Genovese case?
 

Assuming Responsibility

* Diffusion of Responsibility
    - (bystander effect)

* Latane & Darley (1970)
    - Seizure experiment

* Relevant to Kitty Genovese case?
 

Knowing How to Help

* Some helping situations require specific helping skills
    - CPR
    - Physical Strength
    - Being a marine biologist

* Relevant to Kitty Genovese case?
 

Deciding to Implement Help

* Cost-Benefit analysis
    - costs can be life threatening, financially detrimental, or just socially embarrassing
    - benefits involve benefit to you as helper and to the helpee

* Relevant to Kitty Genovese case?
 
 

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