History of the National NROTC
The Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC) Program was established in 1926 to provide a broad base of citizens knowledgeable in the arts and sciences of Naval Warfare. The program provided an opportunity for young men to undertake careers in the naval profession.In the beginning there were six NROTC units located at the University of California at Berkeley, Georgia Institute of Technology, Northwestern University, University of Washington, and Havard and Yale Universities. In June of 1930, 126 midshipmen graduated from college and received commissions in the United States Navy. At least 3 of the graduates went on to obtain flag rank.
The Marine Corps entered the NROTC Program in 1932, offering qualified NROTC graduates commissions in the United States Marine Corps. In 1968, Prairie View A&M became the first Historically Black College (HBC) to host the program. In 1972, the Secretary of the Navy authorized 16 women to enroll in the program and attend school at one of four colleges. Women could not participate in the program while attending any NROTC affiliated college or university. In 1990, the NROTC Scholarship Program was expanded to include applications pursuing a four-year degree in Nursing, leading to a commission in the Navy Nurse Corps.
Today there are 59 NROTC units around the United States, including over 100 colleges and universities.
History of the NROTC at the University of Michigan
In July 1940, the NROTC unit at the University of Michigan was established, with an initial enrollment of 110 students. Since opening, the U of M unit has commissioned over 2100 officers into the Navy and Marine Corps. In 1967, a cross-town agreement was arranged between the University of Michigan and Eastern Michigan University, allowing EMU students to participate in the U of M NROTC program.
Today, the University of Michigan Naval ROTC unit commissions some 20 to 40 officers each year into the unrestricted line communities and Nurse Corps of the United States Navy as well as the United States Marine Corps.